Course Rationale: 50% of the world population lives in urban areas (UN, 2008). Most of this growth occurs in slums and informal settlements. It is estimated that slum areas encompass approximately 70% of the urban population (UN-Habitat, 2010). The trends indicate that future urban development will mostly occur in these areas. In Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa "slums are virtually synonymous with urbanization" (UN-HABITAT, 2007:22). Policy makers, municipalities and local authorities face the challenge of providing sanitation services to the growing urban population. A greater part of the present 30% s MDG's gap is as a result of the low basic sanitation coverage in urban slums (WHO/UNICEF, 2008).
Mid-career professionals involved in planning, management, decision-making, policy formulation, implementation, and operation and maintenance of sanitation services in slum areas; Academics engaged in development studies and in the field of governance of WASH services.
Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to analyse policy and management challenges of decentralized (peri-)urban sanitation services, and to select and apply instruments and management approaches to address these challenges. In particular, upon completion of the module, participants will be able to:
Critically reflect on current debates in sanitation service delivery governance in the context of urban and peri-urban areas
Analyze the main social, technical and institutional challenges for the provision of sanitation in peri-urban contexts
Apply practical methodologies to achieve inclusive and sustainable sanitation services planning and management
Peri-urban Water and Sanitation Services: Policy, Planning and Method. Editors: Kurian, Mathew, McCarney, Patricia (2010). Springer, ISBN 978-90-481-9425-4. pp.300 (this book supported the first version of the online course, before the course went through a review process)
Course materials were organized by Mireia Tutusaus Luque (MSc), Lecturer/Researcher in Water Services Management, Integrated Water Systems and Governance, UNESCO-IHE (assisted by Cecilia Alda Vidal, MSc).
Dr Maria Rusca, UNESCO-IHE staff members and project/lecturing partners who contributed for developing this course (including Dr Mathew Kurian who developed the first version of this online course).
This set of course materials is provided as OpenCourseWare without support and interaction with lecturers. For full lectures and support from lecturers, please register online for one of the related courses:
This module provides participants with an overview of the urban sanitation challenge and situates the discussion within a broader framework of urbanization processes. It focuses on the key concepts and theories that contribute to explain urban developments in the Global South, rural-urban links, and the implications of these developments on delivery of decentralized sanitation. Participants will be exposed to theories from urban planning, economics, and critical and policy literature on small scale sanitation provision modalities and development studies.
The unit introduces participants to the tension that exists between definition of what constitutes urban and rural. Implications for planning water services are discussed in the context of the rise of informal service providers in developing countries.
materials for this unit can only be accessed by joining the online course https://www.un-ihe.org/online-course-governance-decentralized-sanitation
Unit 3: Objectives, classification and selection of sanitation
This unit introduces the human right to sanitation as an instrument for the governance of sanitation services and discusses its theoretical considerations as well as drivers of lack of implementation of the concept.
This unit critically reflects on the different meanings of appropriate sanitation and focuses on the implications that narrow conceptualizations of sanitation have on the most vulnerable urban dwellers
Unit 6: Case Study: Assessment of sanitation options and users acceptance
Ms. Naana Amonoo, MSc.
This unit presents the case of Dagomba Line, a slum community in Kumasi, Ghana. It describes the environmental sanitation situation in the community focusing in the perceptions of inhabitants and the relation between the existing technologies and the everyday practices of slum dwellers.
Unit 7: Case study: Emptying, Transportation and Disposal of Fecal Sludge in the Slums of Kampala, Uganda
Ms. Caroline Murungi, MSc
This case study describes the operations of the public and small scale private service providers in the management of fecal sludge in informal settlements and discusses the associated managerial and technical challenges as well as the possible strategies to address those
This module introduces participants to practical tools that can be applied to analyse and address challenges they face in their work environment. Participants will be exposed to state of the art experience with regard to benchmarking, participatory approaches, and strategic planning for sanitation delivery in cities.
Unit 1: Prospects for resource recovery through waste water reuse
This session provides an introduction to debates on water resource allocation and river basic closure. The Linkages between freshwater and wastewater will be discussed by examining scope for wastewater reuse.
Materials for this unit can only be accessed by joining the online course https://www.un-ihe.org/online-course-governance-decentralized-sanitation
Unit 2: Financing decentralized sanitation: Structure of Costs & Tariffs
This unit discusses the challenges for financing santiation services in periurban areas and presents different financing options
This unit discusses different strategies to improve sanitation in periurban and unplanned areas, looking at why planning is important and what are the main constraints and conditions to achieve successful planning. It describes the main planning approaches developed by international organizations and provides general guidelines for sanitation planning.
This unit introduces the concept of participatory mapping and discusses the relevance and applications of this methodology for improving sanitation services in periurban areas. It describes different methods of participatory mapping and presents examples through real case studies.
This unit pays a critical look at CLTS approach. It analyzes the latest shift in sanitation approaches and looks at the new envisioned roles for society, state, and market on those. The emergence and dominance of CLTS approach is analyzed through global politics and the choices values, and politics behind the spread of this grassroots approach are discussed.
This unit presents what and who are the small scale operators in sanitation and what thir roles are in periurban areas. The implications of partnering with small scale operators in the provision of sanitation services are discussed and the considerations to take into account when entering in a partnership analyzed.
This unit introduces the concept of benchmarking in water and sanitation and discusses the reasons for using this methodology to improve services provisioning to the poor. It provides the tools to apply a pro-poor benchmarking strategy in the field including data collection as well as assessment of results.