This OpenCourseWare (OCW) eBook 'Introduction to Urban Water Distribution' is an excerpt from the Online Course on Water Transport and Distribution and elaborates on general principles and practices in water transport and distribution in a practical and straightforward way. The eBook can be used for self-study without support and interaction with lectures. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The Online Course on Water Transport and Distribution is designed for mid-career professionals dealing with technical aspects of drinking water transport & distribution, working for municipal assemblies, water supply companies or consulting bureaus. Pre-requisites are a BSc degree in Civil Engineering or similar technical background; general PC-computer knowledge; good English command.
Upon completion of the online course, participants will be able to:
- distinguish between different network configurations and supplying schemes; recognise various consumption categories and their growth patterns, including water leakage; define the relation between the main hydraulic parameters, namely the demands, pressures, velocities and hydraulic gradients;
- demonstrate understanding of the steady-state hydraulics for specified demand scenario, by being able to select appropriate pipe diameters, indicate optimum location of reservoirs and identify the number and size of the pumps used to supply the demand in the network;
- apply the above theoretical knowledge by learning to perform computer-aided hydraulic calculations and predict the consequences of demand growth on the hydraulic performance of particular water transport and distribution system;
- analyse the implications of various operational modes of pumping stations and compare the investment and operational costs for various network layouts and supplying schemes;
- propose preliminary hydraulic design of the network that will integrate economic aspects, choose adequate components and pipe materials, and judge technical solutions dealing with the network maintenance, rehabilitation, and expansion.
The following lecturing materials are used to support the online course:
- Electronic materials: slide presentations (MS PowerPoint), computer/design/laboratory assignments, network computer model (running in EPANET software), spread sheet hydraulic lessons (MS Excel)
- eBook available in this OCW: N. Trifunovic, Introduction to Urban Water Distribution, Taylor & Francis, 2006, reprint 2008
The following software is also used in this course:
- EPANET software (US Environmental Protection Agency, Ver.2)
Course materials were developed by Dr. Nemanja Trifunovic, associate professor of Water Supply Engineering, Environmental Engineering and Water Technology Department, UNESCO-IHE.