Climate change adaptation policies in Ethiopia [Text]
After having discussed the politics of climate change, namely how poverty or equity issues exacerbate climate change impacts, we turn now to the analysis of the adaptation policies designed by national governments. Are these policies addressing the core issues of the politics of climate change?
The main idea we would like to convey is that climate change adaptation policies do not happen in a vacuum: they are affected by and they have implications for other sector policies, such as agriculture, water management, energy... We should bear in mind this interaction when planning or assessing climate change adaptation policies.
We will now explore this interaction by looking at National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA).
The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are responsible for a very small portion of total greenhouse gas emissions but they are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. These countries have developed their NAPAs with support by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The main goal of the NAPAs is to identify and to report the urgent adaptation needs of these countries that are highly vulnerable and have low adaptive capacity.
As case study we invite you to explore the NAPA prepared by the Ethiopian government.
We recommend to:
- skim the full document to discover how these plans are structured;
- focus on chapter 2 and on the table 2.3 at p. 33 to learn about climate change adaptations options in relations to different sector policies.
The full document is available here.